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Laboratory | Proteomics


LPSM

Membrane Proteins and Membrane Systems Laboratory

 

​​FRENCH

 

Published on 27 June 2018
The LPSM studies membrane proteins and membrane systems at different complexity levels, from molecules to cells, using biochemical and biophysical techniques. Investigations include structure, mechanism and regulation of membrane-associated proteins, the role of lipids and membrane environment, and possible therapeutic applications (inhibitors, diagnosis, dysfunctioning).
Team Leader
Francis Haraux
francis.haraux@cea.fr


Human resources
Andrianaivomananjaona Tiona, Researcher
Azouaoui Hassina, PhD Student
Barbot Thomas, PhD Student
Beswick Véronica, assistant Professor
Champeil Philippe, Researcher
Garrigos Manuel, Researcher
Haraux Francis, Researcher
Jamin Nadège, Researcher
Jaxel Christine, Researcher
Le Maire Marc, Professor
Lemaire Claire, Researcher
Lenoir Guillaume, assistant Professor
Montigny Cédric, Engineer
Orlowski Stéphane, Researcher
Perrot Nahuel, PhD Student
Roux Michel, Researcher
Vázquez-Ibar José-Luis, Researcher

 

 

The Membrane Proteins and Membrane Systems Laboratory (LPSM) gathers researchers, engineers, technicians and students working on several aspects of membranes and membrane proteins, including transport processes, cell signaling and bioenergetics. Some projects (Ca2+-ATPase, ATP synthase or other mitochondrial complexes, lipid translocases or "flippases") aim at determining detailed enzymatic mechanisms through structure/function studies, and analyzing regulations. Other projects (MRP1, flippases, caveolins, annexins) deal with the understanding, at a molecular/atomic level, of the specific interactions between membrane lipids and proteins. To reach these goals, we develop molecular biology and biochemistry approaches, combined with many analytical techniques including enzyme kinetics, proteomics and biophysical techniques (fluorimetry, circular dichroism, molecular dynamics simulations, NMR, crystallography). These expertises are also a source of several collaborative projects, for instance for the characterization of other membrane proteins and for the imaging of apoptosis. We have the expertise to produce and purify all the proteins we are working on.

Several P-type ATPases (mammalian Ca2+-ATPase, P. falciparum Ca2+-ATPase, S. cerevisiae Drs2p, other putative flippases) and several multidrug resistance ATPases (MRP1, P-gp, PfCRT, PfMDR1) are currently studied at the LPSM, with the double objective of deciphering basic mechanisms and developing drugs against some of them for therapeutic use.

Among our investigations of biological membrane properties, one may mention the study of membrane asymmetry. Two main questions are addressed: how phosphatidylserine molecules are translocated by flippases, and how they are recognized near the membrane interface by molecules like annexin. The second aspect helps developing molecules for cell death imaging and for targeting apoptotic cells.

Regulatory processes are also extensively studied at the LPSM. Our investigations include interaction of proteins with regulatory peptides (SERCA - sarcolipin, Drs2p - Cdc50p, ATP synthase - IF1), and post-traductional modifications of some enzymes and of their regulatory peptides.