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Scientific result | Photosynthesis | Bio-inspired catalysis
Researchers from the I2BC (SB2SM), in collaboration with CNRS (ICP, ICMMO) have designed an original artificial photosynthesis approach, based on the use of semiconductor nanopolymers composed of PolyDiPhenylButadiyne, capable of reproducing the full photo-redox reaction of plant Photosystem II, that is the production of O2 by photo-oxidation of water and the reduction of a quinone.
In artificial photosynthesis, chemists are aiming to borrow principles from natural photosynthesis to develop photoelectrochemical cells (PEC) for water splitting. The water plastoquinone photooxidoreductase enzyme, also known as Photosystem II, uses light to perform the four-electron, four-proton oxidation of water to dioxygen and stores reducing equivalents in reduced forms of quinones which are ultimately used in dark reactions for the synthesis of energy-rich molecules. Here, chemists report a nano-structured semiconducting conjugated polymer based on poly(diphenylbutadiyne) (nanoPDPB) and its photocatalytic activities towards the water oxidation reaction under visible light irradiation when dispersed in water in the absence of any sacrificial agents or co-catalysts. Charge recovery at the nano-PDPB directly or delayed in time was exemplified by the reduction of quinone acting as a hydrogen reservoir. In the absence of quinones as electron acceptor H2O2 formation was detected stemming from the partial reduction of O2.Thus, scientists showed that nano-PDPB, a nanostructured semiconducting conjugated polymer, can replicate the complete processes undergoing in Photosystem II. Many challenges are ahead of them to unravel the photophysical processes and mechanistic aspects of these carbon-based materials.
J. Patel, X. Yuan, S. Mendes-Marinho, W. Leibl, H. Remita, A. Aukauloo. Visible Light-Driven Simultaneous Water Oxidation and Quinone Reduction by Nano-Structured Conjugated Polymer Without Cocatalysts. (2020) Chem. Sci., in press http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/D0SC02122A
CEA is a French government-funded technological research organisation in four main areas: low-carbon energies, defense and security, information technologies and health technologies. A prominent player in the European Research Area, it is involved in setting up collaborative projects with many partners around the world.